Libourne is a "Bastide" city of 24,395 people on the confluence of the Isle and Dordogne rivers. With nearly 400 shops, a beautiful old market, a cinema, a theatre, a hospital and high schools, Libourne has all the attributes of a larger city without the drawbacks.
Ideally situated near the famous Saint-Emilion and Pomerol wine-growing areas, at half an hour's drive from Bordeaux, one hour from the Atlantic ocean and two hours from the Pyrenees mountains and with a fast train station with a direct link to the capital, the city has no shortage of assets.
In 1268, King Edward the First, the great-grand-son of Eleanor of Aquitaine and Henry III, the Plantagenet King of England, founded a fortified town at this unique location on the confluence of the Isle and Dordogne.
Its port had a first-rate economic role, allowing products of the inland valleys of the Dordogne and the Isle to be loaded onto sea-going vessels. A year later Edward became king of England and he put his lieutenant Roger of Leyburn in charge the project.
In 1270, the fortified harbor was finished and, as was the tradition at the time, the city took the name of its founder LEYBURNIA, which over the centuries became Liburnia and then LIBOURNE.
Edward the First's project guaranteed the prosperity of the city for the years to come. During the thirteenth and fourteenth century, many incidents resulted in the city being fortified. The inhabitants built fortifcations and surrounded them by a double moat.